What is the Eye Condition Presbyopia?

Presbyopia: Long-sightedness in our twilight years

The Cause of Lat On Set Long-Sightedness

Presbyopia is an eye condition which often occurs as we get older. As this condition sets in we experience long-sightedness or, to give it its scientific name, hypermetropia. Normally it begins when we reach our 40s and becomes more severe over time.

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If someone is suffering from long-sightedness from an early age, it is not uncommon for late-onset long-sightedness to begin to set in at an earlier age.

Presbyopia

How This Condition Changes our Eyes

When our eyes function normally, our ciliary muscles change the thickness of our lenses to bend light rays into focus on our retina depending on what we are looking at. This brings objects into focus so we can see them. This long-sighted condition reduces our lenses focusing power, as over time the lenses can become stiff and less malleable.

Though you may be experiencing difficulty seeing objects close to you, when you look at objects in the distance your lenses are still doing a great job as they do not need to alter the shape.

There are five kinds of Presbyopia.

They are:

Incipient

This is the term used to describe the condition when it begins to take hold.

Functional

This is when the condition becomes more advanced. You will probably struggle to see objects which are close to you.

Absolute

At this point, all ability to see objects near to you has gone.

Premature

If you are suffering from the condition before you are 40, you fall into this category. In most cases, people begin to notice the signs of this condition around the time they turn 40.

Nocturnal

If you suffer from this form of the eye condition then you will have trouble focusing on objects close to you in dull light.

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Symptoms and Signs of This Condition

The most common sign of late-onset long-sightedness is when you find yourself holding literature at arm’s length to read it. If this is a new realisation, and you did not have to do this a year ago, you probably are developing a form of presbyopia.

Headaches, eye strain and fatigue may also be experienced after performing close up work such as handwriting or embroidery. This is another sign that this condition is on the way.

Often sufferers report that the aches and pains caused by close up work are worse in dim light. Symptoms may progress to blurred vision when looking at objects which are close to you, and problems focusing when looking at objects close by and then switching your gaze to objects which are far away. Double vision and headaches at this point are not unheard of.

The condition is unavoidable in the sense there are no precautions you can take to avoid it. In 2005 the World Health Organisation published a report estimating that there are around a billion people with the condition in one form or another. Of these, around 517 million did not have access to corrective lenses.

If you are suffering from this long-sighted condition then it is not all doom and gloom. There is a range of treatments to help you see objects which are close to you.

Interested in Treatment for This Condition?

If you are suffering from presbyopia and would like to find out more about the range of vision correction treatments available at Advanced Vision Care, then why not call AVC TODAY on 0800 652 4878 and request your free information pack or book your consultation to find out how we can help you.

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