Do you know Cataracts are the leading cause of vision loss worldwide? Though surgery can cure most cataracts, we have compiled a list of key cataract surgery facts below:
Many myths persist about the cause and treatment of cataracts. By the age 80, more than half of UK population will develop Cataracts, though, in the modern age, we have seen cataract cases as early as 35.
Dr CT PIllai, our Medical Director, says that “Cataracts are not preventable but can be treated at AVC with 100% success rate”. We treat Cataracts with multi-focal lenses which can cure your long, short and astigmatic vision.
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Cataract Surgery Facts
Cataract is an eye condition caused by the ageing process. As the eye’s lens, which sits behind the pupil, grows older, its cells die and accumulate, turning the lens yellowed and cloudy. The result of a Cataract usually is blurry vision and fuzzy images.
Other than through natural causes, cataracts can be caused can by an eye injury as well as certain medications and diseases such as diabetes which can also cause lead to cataracts.
At an early stage, cataract symptoms can be reduced by wearing eye glasses, stronger lighting etc. However, although these will help, they will not completely remove the condition. After a certain point where the vision gets so blurry that none of the above help, cataract surgery will be the only solution.
Cataracts: Common Myths
MYTH 1: Eye drops can prevent or dissolve cataracts.
FACT: No. The FDA has not approved any drops that cure or delay cataracts. Some such products claim they can prevent cataracts, but cataract formation is a natural part of the eye’s ageing process. Other products claim they can “dissolve” cataracts. But since cataracts are not a “substance,” there is nothing for the drops to dissolve.
MYTH 2: Close-up tasks like reading or sewing make cataracts worse.
FACT: No. Cataracts are not caused by how people use their eyes. However, cataracts are likely to become more noticeable during close work. One sign of a cataract is the need for more light to do the same activities well.
MYTH 3: Cataracts are reversible.
FACT: No. The lens naturally clouds as it ages. This process is unavoidable. However, its progress can be slowed by quitting smoking, eating a balanced diet and wearing sunglasses with 100% UVA and UVB protection.
MYTH 4: Cataract surgery is dangerous, and recovery takes months.
FACT: No. Cataract surgery is one of the safest and most highly perfected surgical procedures in medicine, with a 95% success rate. Of course, as with any surgery, risks do exist and should be discussed with a doctor before the procedure. Patients will need to avoid bending or lifting anything heavy for up to three weeks after the procedure, as well as refrain from rubbing or pressing their eye. Normal activities may be resumed the day after surgery, when the eye patch is removed. Cataract patients often notice vision improvement immediately following surgery, and others will notice more gradual improvement for a few months afterward.
MYTH 5: Cataracts “grow back.”
FACT: No. Cataracts develop as the len’s cells die and accumulate; they are not a “growth” that sits on top of the eye. Occasionally, patients do develop a different, secondary cataract, though. When the membrane that holds the new lens implant becomes cloudy, vision can be compromised. But this can easily be treated with laser surgery: a painless, 15-minute procedure usually done at an eye clinic like AVC.